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   and  property  owners from the Village of Twin Lakes, Wisconsin.
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Lake Ice

Every winter ice forms to create a solid surface on the lake and every spring the ice that allowed man to walk on water recedes to the center of the lake once again exposing a plastid surface.

What seems like a harmless seasonal ritual can create devastation under the right conditions. Many areas of Wisconsin including Twin Lakes received a dose of this destruction called ice impact or ice damage from the winter of 2002.

Shoreline damage from ice occurs under two conditions. One, the expanding sheet of ice that covers the surface places an exorbitant amount of pressure on the bank (transition between land and water). Two, sheets of ice during meltdown can crash into the shoreline.

Let's discuss this idea of pressure first. After the lake has completely iced over, several dynamic events take place. When the sun shines on the surface of the ice, it expands as any material does in the presence of heat. Once the ice cools it begins to contract but it is not strong enough to support its own weight. Cracks form to release the tension that builds between ice frozen to the shore and ice contracting the center of the lake. These cracks then fill with water that in turn freezes sealing the expansion joint just created. Long periods of fluctuating temperatures and little snow cover (to insulate the ice from the sun) can result in shoreline berms called ice ridges or ramparts. In extreme cases the pressure on the bank can become so great that homes are separated from their foundations.

The second type of damage, ice running into the shoreline, occurs more frequently along stream banks due to a consistent current. Although currents in lakes tend to be quite weak, wind force on the surface can move chunks of ice readily. Most of this type of damage occurs on the leeward side of the lake in the form of ridges. Ice can also scrape shorelines on its way to one side of the lake. The end result is sudden erosion; the existing bank is carried away and a new, usually unstable bank remains.

There are several ways to protect your property from natural damage, it's called shoreline protection. Many techniques exist; they range from the preferred naturalizing of the bank to hard armoring of the bank with boulder walls and carefully placed rock. Look to your local DNR and Conservation landscapers for help in determining which technique is most appropriate for your site. Also, look to next month's article on shoreline protection for different techniques.

Corinne K Krebs

Communications Committee




The following letter was also published July 3, by Gerry Wrench.  Please note his original title was "Twin Lakes Village President Cathy Zamazal needs to apologize", but was changed by the paper to "Questions interruption of emails sent to village".

On May 23, the Village of Twin Lakes passed an ordinance to restrict boating to no wake. The stated purpose was to protect the shoreline and low-lying areas from the damage to high water due to heavy rains. However, the Village set the level to remove the no wakes too low. When the lakes did start to drop, the no wake stayed on at lake levels that historically were never that low.

What happened is the ordinance which was passed to prevent flooding due to natural occurrences, was made worse by a bad decision on lake levels. This resulted in the lakes at no wake for over a month, which impacted the local economy.

On June 21, the village held a discussion on the situation and the trustees asked concerned citizens to email the village with their comments for a special meeting on June 23.

According to the Kenosha News, 54-3 was the count of emails in favor of less restrictive no wakes. At the June 23 meeting the heights were made less restrictive; our lakes are now open to full use and the village board has rectified a serious mistake.

However, at the June 23 meeting the village president Cathy Zamazal, who supported the more restrictive heights passed at the May 23 meeting, closed the meeting to public comment.  The packed audience listened as Cathy Zamazal described to the public the content of the emails. What was published in the Kenosha News (quoting her as stating): "A couple of them did offer solutions.  A good majority of them criticized and made personal attacks."

This makes the public who were not at the meeting feel as though the emails pressure the board into change. In fact, I believe the board acted responsibly when faced with the facts.

Through the Freedom of Information Act, we were able to get from the village all the emails both for and against, and with others who read the emails agreeing, I would categorize the group of emails as very thoughtful, and considerate of the other side and with some interesting alternative that the village board should consider. It was hard to even interpret 2 or 3 of the emails as personal attacks, versus the "good majority of them" as declared by Cathy Zamazal.

In fact, I feel that the only personal attack was by Cathy Zamazal on all of those who spent time to send their opinions to the village. As a public official, the leader of Twin Lakes , at best, is misleading the public and dividing the village with her comments on her opinions.  Any public official has a difficult job especially in serious matters. However, to misrepresent what the majority of the concerned public wrote in her emails made a difficult situation worse.  I have privately sent emails to Cathy and the board before on matters similar to this but this incident was published in the media and puts all involved in an unflattering light. Therefore the need for this letter.

I ask anyone who would like to judge those emails to contact the Village of Twin Lakes and through the Freedom of Information Act request and read those emails. Make your own decisions as to the nature of the emails. We will also ask the Village if they could make them available for everyone to read at the village hall, free of cost.

We also ask the Village Board to read those emails and have a discussion with Cathy Zamazal as to the correctness of her public comments.

Lastly, I ask Cathy Zamazal to read those emails and revoke her statement with an apology. We have many difficult issues around the lakes, which means listening and interacting with the public.

The policy of continually cutting off public discussion and misrepresenting the comments of those that oppose or do not agree with her opinion has to stop if we are to accomplish what is best for a good majority of the public.

- Gerry Wrench


The following letter is from Cathy Zamazal's (Village President) mother (relationship was not acknowledged in the paper); published July 3:

This is in rebuttal to the June 26 letter to the editor from Mrs. Tobison in which she compares Twin Lakes to Lakes Geneva, Delavan and Como. That is like comparing apples to peanuts. Our lakes are smaller, and it takes longer for water to drain off.

This is not the village board's fault. The fisherman we talked with thought it was a great relief to not be in the wake of over-zealous boaters going full throttle to get their jollies!

Mother Nature makes a lot of demands, sometimes good, sometimes bad. Stay cool. As for local businesses, higher gas prices, the new Super WalMart, and cooler rainy weather make people want to stay home and keep warm and dry. Some stores will suffer a little, but they will recoup.

The Village Board is not ignoring anyone, Mrs. Tobison. If the lake committees would research how they should present themselves and not the hostile ways they chastise every trustee when they try to explain things to them.

It is plain to see that things on the lake committee are planned by one individual who emails all the lake committee members in her group, and tells them to cause as much trouble as they can with the board. She wants to be in charge so bad and won't accept any rules or change, and she tells her puppets to do the same. They in turn follow her like lost sheep.  Maybe you too are one of them Mrs. Tobison.

If all the lake people are so unhappy, maybe they should move to bigger lakes in the region where they don't have rules like we have.

-           J. Cardamone

The "one individual" noted is not asking people to cause trouble.  She is in fact relaying important information to concerned homeowners who are interested in what is happening with no wake and e coli. She does not want to be in charge, and has worked hard to include others on committees and to start up LARA.


LARA is the new Lakes and Recreation Association, an independent non-profit association formed by concerned property owners located on and off the lakes in the village of Twin Lakes, Wisconsin .
LARA's goals:
- Bringing together the Lake Community through common lake issues and social events.
- Bringing back control to the landowners for lake related decisions

- Polices will be based on the needs of the lake preservation and protection while maintaining high levels of safety to the residents and visitors who come to use the lakes.


Annual membership:
_____$20 member
_____$50 Sponsor of the Lakes
_____$100 Patron of the Lakes

(Checks made payable to: Lakes and Recreation Association of Twin Lakes, PO Box: 75, Twin Lakes Wisconsin)


Email address: